Cardiovascular Health

The impact of animal companions on cardiovascular health was first recognised in the early 1980s, and it is the area of research which gained the attention of the medical community that “pets are good for you”. It also appears that the impacts are not just about the increased exercise associated with dog ownership, cat owners also record better heart health than those who did not own a cat.





  1. Qureshi, AI, Zeeshan MM, Vazquez, G, Fareed, M, Suri, K, 2009, ‘Cat ownership and the Risk of Fatal Cardiovascular Diseases: Results from the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Study Mortality Follow-up Study’, Journal of Vascular and Interventional Neurology, vol. 2, no.1, pp.132-135.
  1. Vormbrock, JK, & Grossberg, JM, 1988, ’Cardiovascular effects of human-pet dog interactions’, Journal of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 509-517.
  1. Friedmann, E, Katcher, AH, Lynch, JJ, & Thomas, SA, 1980, ‘Animal companions and one year survival of patients after discharge from a coronary care unit’, Public Health Reports, vol. 95, pp. 307 - 312.
  1. Friedmann, E, 1995, ‘Pet Ownership, Social Support and One Year Survival after Acute Myocardial Infarction in the Cardiac Arrhythmia Suppression Trial (CAST)’, American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 76, no. 17, pp. 1213 – 1217.
  1. Allen, K, Shykoff, BE, & Izzo, Jr.JL, 2001, ‘Pet ownership, but not ace inhibitor therapy, blunts home blood pressure responses to mental stress’, Hypertension, vol. 38, pp. 815-20.
  1. Anderson WP, Reid, CM, & Jennings, G, 1992,’Pet ownership and risk factors for cardiovascular disease’, The Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 157, no. 5, pp. 298-301.




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